The prevailing image of where refugees live is of temporary camps in isolated areas -- but in reality, nearly 60 percent of them worldwide end up in urban areas. TED Fellow Robert Hakiza takes us inside the lives of urban refugees -- and shows us...

What is it like to travel to Europe over land and sea in order to secure a future for yourself and your family? Why are so many people willing to risk their lives crossing the Mediterranean? What are their hopes and fears? And how is...

4.1 Examples of activities during online sessions As in face to face language sessions, within the online sessions there are several examples of activities that could stimulate language learning in an informal environment. Some of them are described below and provide a stimulus for teachers of...

It is a general acceptance that the skills teachers and trainers in particular in the fields of IT-technologies and multi-functional media such as PC, Internet and mobile phone must be better recognised and used, and their online  participation must be promoted. In this direction a...

3.2.1 Email Email is the oldest collaboration tool and the most common method for communication in online learning. Private messages can be sent between the instructor and the student. It is reliable, inexpensive, and the most well-known. Email is often overlooked as a collaboration mechanism in...

Synchronous communication can be a challenge to plan due to different  schedules and time zones; however, real time communication can decrease feelings of isolation and increase a sense of community in the cybercafé. Below are the most common synchronous tools utilized in online education. The appropriate...

The ability to integrate and exploit online technologies in the classroom has become an essential part of a teacher’s skill set in the twenty-first century. Teachers not only need technical competence in order to use online applications and tools, but they also need to know...

Some principles are the same with the Language Cafe sessions but there are specific issues that have to be considered in the framework of a “cyber language café”. The sessions in the cyber language cafe can be organized in 3 types that can be developed...

It is well known that to successfully implement new curricula, teachers need professional learning opportunities and ongoing support to make the needed changes to their pedagogical practices. Professional development is often offsite, after school, and on weekends. Geographic and temporal limitations often prevent suburban and...